Flooring Materials

Flooring Materials

Flooring Materials

Flooring can make a dramatic difference in the appearance of your home. It also contributes to the resale value as well as enhances the character of a home. Nowadays there are a number of choices available in the market if you are considering doing the flooring for your house. Below are the four of the most popular floorings used in India.

Vitrified & Ceramic Tiles

Tiles have taken over the use of stone and cemented floors in majority of houses in India. They can be found in a variety of patterns and designs. According to industry experts, “The tile industry is growing rapidly in India as a number of exporters, manufactures and wholesales are participating in the sale and purchase if the same and the demand is also growing”. Various tiles such as Rustic tiles, Ceramic floor tiles, and Vinyl, Porcelain and Mosaic tiles can be used in a house. Most of the raw material used in manufacturing these tiles is obtained directly from the earth. Stone tiles are obtained by excavation from the mines.



Broad types of tiles

Ceramic tiles

1.       Wall ceramic

2.       Floor ceramic and antiskid

3.       Embossed print (for outer portions)

Vitrified tiles

1.       Soluble salt vitrified tiles (Basic vitrified tiles)

2.       Double charge vitrified tiles

3.       Double charge (with Nano printing) vitrified tiles

4.       Digital printing vitrified tiles

Parking tiles

Highlighter Tiles / Borders 


Ceramic tiles

(Sizes: 152x618, 165x 504, 308x 616, 200x300, 200x400, 300x300, 325x250, 300x450, 395x395,300 x 600, 300x900, 200x600, 150x450, 397x 397, 618x 618 mm)

Vitrified tiles (Sizes: 600x 600, 605x605, 990x990, 925x925, 1210x1210 mm)

Few technical specification for vitrified tiles

Deviation in length/ width:  +- 0.5%

Deviation in thickness: +-5.0%

Water absorption: +- 0.5%

Surface flatness: +- 0.5%

Rectangularity: +- 0.6%

Wood & Laminate Flooring

Wood flooring is any product manufactured from timber that is designed for use as flooring, either for structural or for aesthetic reasons. Wood is a common choice as a flooring material due to its environmental impact, durability and restorability.

Bamboo flooring is often considered a form of wood flooring, although it is made from a grass(bamboo) rather than from timber.



Marble is one of the most lavish and elegant flooring option available. While marble is an elegant flooring option, it does require a certain amount of care and maintenance. It needs to be treated on a regular basis to protect it against spills and moisture. Marble is used in countertops, flooring, tables, showers, windows and fireplaces.

Some of the distinguished features of marble stone are as following -

Physical Properties of Marble Stone: It is a hard and dense material. It is generally uniform in color and free from stains, cracks, decay and weathering. According to Indian standard, it should not absorb moisture more than 0.4% by weight and its stiffness should not be less than 3 where as specific gravity should not be less than 2.5.

Durability of Marble Stone

The durability of marble has less effect of freezing. Rainwater absorbed chemicals like acid that were produced by industrial waste have less than 1% effect on the marble as against 4 to 12% in other masonry materials. This is the reason why marble are so durable even in severe climatic or weathering conditions.

Finishes of Marble Stone

Marble can be finished or polished in three ways:-

  • Polished finish marble: A mirror like glossy surface that brings out the full color and character of the marble, but it is not recommended for exterior work.
  • Hone finish marble: A velvety smooth surface with little or no gloss.
  • Sand or abrasive finish marble: A flat non-reflective surface usually recommended for exterior use. This type of finish normally is less expensive than the polished marble since the smoother, more highly reflective surfaces require more polishing and consequently more time. The most efficient finish for exterior use is the sand or grainy finish.

Categories of Marble Stone

The marble blocks, slabs and tiles can be classified broadly in the following two categories -

A. Pure white marble

B. Different colored marble such as black, green, pink, brown, yellow and grey and so on.

Different Varieties in Marble stone

There are over 3000 varieties in marble stone available in the world market. Marble deposits are widely spread in India mainly in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Rajasthan is the main depository of marble in India accounting for over 90% of total marble production of the country, with reserves spread over the districts of Nagpur, Udaipur, Rajsamand, Banswara, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Sirohi, Bhilwara, Ajmer, Bundi, Alwar, and Pali. Some popular varieties are Makarana White, Kumhari, Doongri, Alberta, Chosira, Pahar Kuwan, Bhot, Adanga , Makarana Chalk, Abu White etc


Advantages and disadvantages of the kinds of floors:

Type of flooring



Laminated Floors

Adds beauty and value to your house.

It is difficult to clean because of its tendency to smudge.

You can apply it yourself and hence save on money.

Scratches, dents and other common damage are not easily repaired.

The natural tones will gel with anything as these floors are versatile.


Those who suffer from allergies, laminate will give you a break from all the sneezing and distress that a carpet can cause.


Concrete Floors

Concrete floors are eco-friendly and energy saving.

Professional Installation – is required.

They use less energy in production compared to any other flooring type.

The installation is very messy. Care needs to be taken to protect the walls and furniture in your home during installation.

No trees need to be cut down and concrete is recyclable.

Some people who have installed concrete floors report feeling cold, despite adding area carpets.


These floors can be tiring for those standing on it for a long period of time.

Tiles Floors

Tiles come in a lot of variety.

On a wet floor, some tiles can become slippery.

Can be kept clean easily.

Tiles can be broken by dropping something heavy on them.

If you break a tile, you only have to replace one tile.

These can be quite expensive.

Tiles can be quieter than, laminate flooring which carry sound from room to room.


Marble Floors

Marble flooring is easy to clean.

Marble floors demand regular maintenance, one needs to devote time to do the cleaning.

Marble is very durable.

Marble tiles are quite expensive.


Marble is so heavy that the floor needs extra support for carrying the load.



Tentative Price per Square Foot

Type of Floor

Price Per Square Foot

Laminated Floor

INR 45 to INR 250

Concrete Floor

INR 100 to INR 300

Tile Floor

INR 19 to INR 200

Marble Floor

INR 65 to INR 2000



    • Avatar
      Oct 26, 2017

      House is looking more beautiful with flooring.It's really amazing.You have provided nice article about flooring materials.It's very useful to the users.Thank you for sharing.Keep posting! Parking Tiles

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